Morphy vs Lowenthal
243
[Event "London"] [Site "?"] [Round "0"] [White "Morphy"] [Black "Lowenthal"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C51"] [Opening "Evans Gambit Accepted"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 {This pawn sacrifice was invented in 1824 by the English chessplayer Captain William Davis Evans, and his name has been retained in the name of the gambit.} 4... Bxb4 {By sacrificing a pawn White gains time to storm the center with his pawns by playing 5.c3 and 6.d4.} 5. c3 Bc5 6. O-O d6 7. d4 exd4 8. cxd4 Bb6 9. d5 {Although this move closes the light squared bishops diagonal it has the advantage of disorganizing Black's game.} 9... Ne5 {9...Na5 10.Bb2 Nxc4 11.Qa4+ Bd7 12.Qxc4 would give White good play on the a1-h8 diagonal.} 10. Nxe5 dxe5 11. Bb2 Qe7 12. Bb5+ { 12.Qh5 Trying to win the e-pawn would fail after 12...Bd4} 12... Bd7 13. Bxd7+ Kxd7 14. Qg4+ {Thanks to White's forceful play he now not only wins back his sacrificed pawn but gains another pawn while maintaining his attack.} 14... f5 {14...Ke8 15.Qxg7 Qf6 16.Bxe5 wins Black's rook.} 15. Qxf5+ Ke8 16. Bxe5 { With Black's king in the center White wishes to attack and so naturally avoids the simplifications that would have followed 16.Qxe5. 16.Qxe5 Qxe5 17.Bxe5 Kf7 would still be good for White.} 16... Nh6 17. Qf4 Kd7 { Black tries to connect his rooks in a rather artificial manner.} 18. Nd2 { 18.Nc3 Rae8 Black has trapped White's bishop.} 18... Rae8 19. Nc4 Bc5 { With the idea of playing Bd6 strengthening the defense of his c-pawn.} 20. Rad1 Bd6 21. Bxd6 cxd6 22. Rb1 { With the idea of bringing both rooks in on the queenside offensive.} 22... b6 23. Rfc1 Qf6 24. Qe3 Ng4 25. Nxb6+ {Very pretty! White clears two open files for his major pieces to attack the Black king.} 25... axb6 26. Rc7+ { An ingenious move which utilizes the open c-file to it's full extent.} 26... Kd8 {26...Kxc7 27.Qxb6+ Kd7 28.Qa7+ Kc8 29.Rb8+ Mate.} 27. Qxb6 Qxf2+ 28. Qxf2 Nxf2 29. Ra7 {With the help of the open b-file White regains his piece due to the mate threat on b8.} 29... Nh3+ 30. gxh3 Kc8 31. Kf2 {Black resigned as he can't stop White from bringing his king to e3 to protect the pawn followed by the advance of the a-pawn and doubling of the rooks on the 7th. 31.Kf2 Rhf8+ 32.Ke3 h6 33.a4 g6 34.a5 h5 35.a6 g5 36.Rbb7 h4 37.Ra8+ Mates.} 1-0
1-0
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2680
HITS
Players
WhiteMorphy
BlackLowenthal
Game
Moves31
OpeningC51 — Evans Gambit Accepted
Result1-0
Date
Tags
Tournament
TournamentLondon
Location?
Round0