Lichtenhein vs Morphy
[Event "New York"] [Site "?"] [Round "0"] [White "Lichtenhein"] [Black "Morphy"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C44"] [Opening "Scotch Gambit"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Bc4 Nf6 {By a transposition of moves a variation of the Two Knight Defense has been reached.} 5. e5 d5 {A good move in which Black fights for the center by gaining a tempo on the White bishop.} 6. Bb5 {6.exf6 dxc4 7.fxg7 Bxg7 would be a winning position for Black who is a pawn ahead and has more pieces developed.} 6... Ne4 7. Nxd4 Bd7 8. Nxc6 { 8.Bxc6 The correct way to get rid of the knight as after...} 8... bxc6 { White would not have to lose time due to Black's c-pawn attacking the bishop. bxc6 The correct way to recapture since Black gains yet another tempo on the White bishop. 8...Bxc6 9.Bxc6+ bxc6 10.O-O allows White to catch up in development.} 9. Bd3 Bc5 { Black develops another piece while creating a threat on White's f-pawn.} 10. Bxe4 {10.O-O Qh4 gives Black the advantage due to his kingside initiative.} 10... Qh4 {Once again Black develops with gain of tempo this time he is threatening to checkmate White with 11...Qxf2.} 11. Qe2 { 11.g3 Qxe4+ 12.Qe2 Qxh1+} 11... dxe4 {The correct recapture, since Black has the initiative it will be much easier to attack White's king with queens still on the board. 11...Qxe4 12.Qxe4 dxe4 would be fine for White due to Black's broken pawn structure.} 12. Be3 {This is the final mistake which allows Black to bring another piece into the attack with tempo. 12.O-O} 12... Bg4 13. Qc4 { 13.Qd2 Rd8 would leave White with no good response to Black's threat of 14... Rd1+.} 13... Bxe3 {Black takes advantage of the pin on White's f-pawn.} 14. g3 {14.Qxc6+ Bd7 15.Qxa8+ Ke7 16.g3 Qg4 17.Qxh8 Bxf2+ 18.Kxf2 Qf3+ 19.Kg1 Bh3 would leave White's king defenseless on the light squares 14.O-O Bb6 15.Qxc6+ Ke7 would leave Black a piece ahead.} 14... Qd8 15. fxe3 Qd1+ 16. Kf2 Qf3+ 17. Kg1 Bh3 {With no piece to come to the king's defense all White has left are a few spite checks.} 18. Qxc6+ Kf8 19. Qxa8+ Ke7 {White resigned.} 0-1
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OpeningC44 — Scotch Gambit
TournamentNew York